lundi 30 avril 2018

Gates of Sens

Sens, city & countryside all around (internet pic)

This floor is ugly, I wouldn't wantt to work with artificial floor outside again, but it was worth a try!

dimanche 22 avril 2018

Spotted Horses at Versailles

A little explanation on the "horses at Versailles" to go with my latest shooting!
Of course, I've already spoke about Spotted horse history and demonstrate how they were plenty of them in French royalty,
But let's talk again about this, and more about the horses itselfs!

The Stables
"All European Princes would have done of them a palace, and they were 'only' the French King Stables", located directly front of the Versailles Palace, no more was needed to highlights the importance of horses as they represent power!

"Perspective view from the Chateau of Versailles" by Jean Baptiste Martin
Showing the two stabbles in the back.
Two stables, the "great" and the "small" not because of their size, but attributed to their usages. North, the "great" stable for the hunting and war horses and south, the "small" stable for ordinary and carriage horses.
All of them were great institution, with a lot of different workers and... horses!

Stalls from "The small stabbles" by J.G Rosenberg
The horses were kept in the stables with only raised board for sleeping because it was "more beautiful to see them once in one view" and "for their healty and well-being, as they became too turbulent when locked in individual boxes".
In a first time, the ground was made with wooden floor then replaced by rock pavement, more dommageable to the horses legs but more hygienic too.
Horses were also "displayed" in a way that the sun cannot hurt their eyes.

The Horses
Hundred of horses lives at Versailles, all lined up by color and breed.
Spanish, Arab and Persian horses for ceremonials; parades and carrousels.
"Enter of Charles X at Paris, from his sacre at Reims, 6 June 1825" (detail) by Louis François Lejeune
"Napoleon the first wedding with Marie Louise, archiduchess" (detail) by Etienne-Bathélémy Garnier
"The Grand Finale" (unknown)
To speak about the spotted horses again, those were of course present, from the spannish breed...
"Spanish horse"
to the arabians and persian ones!
"Arabian horse"

English  steeds for the hunts.
"The death of the deer at St Jean au Bois lake pond" by Jean Baptiste Oudry
Of course, you know what I'm going to show you...
"English horse" (victorian Ferneley painting, sorry)
and mostly Polish, Danish and Prussian as Coach horses!
"Meeting at Compiègne" by Jean Baptiste Oudry
"Arrival of the royal coach at the Ambassador stairs" by Charles Parrocel
And same again...
"Danish horse" breed for the Polish Cavalry
Of course, horses were also used for wars, as it's one of the first use of them.
"Crossing the Rhine by the army of King Louis XIV" by Joseph Parrocel
"King Louis XIV at the siege of Lille facing the Priority of Five" Adam Frans van der Meulen
Under three reigns, the stables were filled with around 382 horses in 1687, almost 700 in 1715, 1700 of them in 1763 and none less than 2252 in 1787. As well that in the end of 1787 thoses were considered as too expensive and the "small" stable was closed. Horses and their staff divided by two in number, and all came into the "great" stable.

"View of the Versailles Castles from Satory" by Adam Franz Van der Meulen
Golden Age of the French Riding
Art of dressage for French tradition was searched and perfectionned in the "great" stabble riding arena. The idea was about to let the horse it's natural grace and attitude, with perfect harmony between the horse and the rider. The French equery art at Versailles was known in the whole Europe and benefited at the kingdom prestige!


Bonus: Carriages at Versailles, vids.
"Solennel entry of King Louis XIV and Queen Marie Thérèse at Arras, 30 july 1667" by Adam Franz Van der Meulen

And I let you on this excellent video we saw at the expo: